Bio-psychosocial Effect Regarding Harassment among Secondary School Female Students in Cairo Governorate

Document Type : Original Article


1 Lecturer of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Cairo University, Egypt

2 Lecturer of Maternity and Newborn Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Beni Seuf University, Egypt


Background: Many female students experience harassment and victims of harassment have higher
risk regarding well-being and negative impact on biopsychosocial health of secondary female
students. Research Aim: assess the biopsychosocial effect regarding harassment among secondary
school female students in Cairo governorate. Methodology: Research design: A cross sectional
research design was utilized at August 2017 - January 2018. Setting: The current research was done
in EL-Sanya female secondary school at El-Sayeda Zainab educational directorate, Cairo
Governorate. Subject: purposive sample was used in the current research (260 students) who
exposed to harassment and aged from 16 to 17 years. Tools of data collection: There were three
tools; 1 st tool pre designed questionnaire included demographic data, different types of harassment
and physical effect of harassment, 2nd tool was Social Emotional Health Module and 3rd tool was
Self-Report Depression Scale (CES-D Scale). Results: 67.7% of studied female students exposed to
verbal harassment and 6.3% of them exposed to sexual harassment. Also, 40% of studied female
students had negative belief in self, 57.3% of them had negative beliefs in others. Conclusions:
Regarding physical effect related harassment were more than one third of female students suffered
from fatigue and one third of them suffered from loss of appetite. Related to social emotional effect,
more than one third of studied female students had positive social emotional health, while more than
half of them had negative social emotional health. According to depression effect related
harassment, one fifth of studied female students had low depression, less than one fifth had
moderate depression and minority of them had severe depression. There was high significant
relation between type of harassment and depression and social- emotional health with p value <0.01.
Recommendation: Health education programs for female students regarding harassment and
relevant biopsychosocial consequences in schools. Empowerment role of obstetrics and
gynecological nurses regarding early biopsychosocial management of victims and further researches
regarding biopsychosocial effect of harassment among female students.