Stressors and Coping Strategies among Parents with Premature Infant

Document Type : Original Article


1 B.SC. nursing

2 Professor of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing Faculty of Nursing ـAin Shams University


Background: Premature infants experience many problems during their stay in the neonatal
intensive care unit (NICU). Premature birth creates a sense of loss in family members, especially mothers,
and causes tension and stress. Aim: This study aims to a assess stressors and coping strategies among
parents with premature infant. Design: A descriptive research design was utilized in this study. Setting:
This study was conducted at al Raml children hospital (neonatal intensive care unit) Alexandria city.
subjects: Convenient sample of (50 parents of premature infant) were selected. Tools: Tool І: Interviewing
Questionnaire, ІI: The Parent stressor scale (PSS NICU), ІII: Ways of Coping check list (WCCL). Results:
the majority of the parentsin the studied sample mentioned that near to half of them had severe stresslevel ,
near to one third of parents had mild stress, more than one quarters of them had moderate stress, and
increasing parents age lead to increase mean scores of stress due to changes in infant appearance and
decrease parent infant relationship stressor with statistically significance differences. Conclusion: most
types of stressors; changes in the infant appearance was the highest mean scores followed by
changes in sight and unit light, then dealing with health team staff and lowest mean percent was
parent infant relationship. Concerning, most coping strategies; parents seeking social support for
instrumental reason had high mean percent followed by turning to religion, then denial of illness.
Also, parents had more than half of mean percent in express of feeling, wishful thinking, behavioral
restructuring, self-criticism and social support for emotional reason. Recommendations: Nurses
should provide educational classes for parents about preterm infants to elevate their level of health
awareness about disease and its care in outpatient clinics.