Life Style of Female Students Nurses with Iron Deficiency Anemia

Document Type : Original Article


1 Master degree- Faculty of Nursing - Ain Shams University, Egypt.

2 Professor of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Ain Shams University, Egypt

3 Lecturer of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Ain Shams University, Egypt.


Background: Iron deficiency Anemia is one of the most important global health problems,
and more than two billion people worldwide are estimated to have anemia adolescent are
particularly at risk of suffering from deficient nutritional status needs. Accelerated development,
hormonal changes malnutrition, and starting of menstrual periods in girls. Aim: To assess the
lifestyle of female students nurses with iron deficiency anemia. Design: A descriptive research
design was utilized. Setting: Three institutes affiliated to the general authority of hospitals
educational institutes in Cairo. Sample: A purposive sample of 160 female students nurses. Tool:
One tool was used for data collection, interviewing questionnaire consisted of 5 parts.Part 1:
Demographic characteristics of female students nurses, part 2: Female students knowledge about iron
deficient anemia, part 3: Lifestyle of female student about iron deficiency anemia, part 4: The health
practice of female students regarding nutritional habits and part 5: Common health problems
assessment. Results: It was found that, more than half of studied sample had less than18 years. Also,
more than half of them had moderate level of anemia. Moreover, there statistical insignificant
relation between health knowledge and severity of iron deficiency anemia. On other hand, there
statistical insignificant correlation between academic educational level and severity of iron
deficiency anemia. Conclusion: more than half of female students nurses had poor knowledge, the
majority of them had inadequate practice low consumption of food items containing higher
percentage of iron. Moreover, that there was statistical insignificant correlation between health
practice regarding nutritional and drinking habits, iron consumption and knowledge.
Recommendations: Health education is necessary for female adolescent in these areas as to the
importance of iron-rich foods and utilization of any available sources of iron. Physical surveillance
for female students nurses must be available and continuous for early detection and treatment of
health problems related to iron deficiency anemia.