Towards Good Health and Well-Being; Risk Factors Assessment for Side Effects of Spinal Anesthesia

Document Type : Original Article


1 Community Health Nursing Department, Beni-Suef Health Technical Institute, Ministry of Health, Beni-Suef 62511, Egypt. and Anesthesia Techniques Department, College of Health and Medical Techniques, Al-Mustaqbal University, 51001, Babylon, Iraq.

2 Environmental Science and Industrial Development Department, Faculty of Postgraduate Studies for Advanced Sciences, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef 62511, Egypt.


Introduction: SDG optimization is the main goal of the current research, focusing on SDG#3, good health and well-being. Spinal anesthesia is a technique widely used for its efficacy and safety, and it is also known as spinal, subarachnoid, intra-dural, or intra-thecal anesthesia. It is characterized by the administration of an anesthetic in the subarachnoid space that is located between the pia mater and arachnoid meninges to generate a sequential block in the nerve fibers. Aim of study: This review aims to investigate and identify the risk factors associated with administering spinal anesthesia. Method: We conducted a clinical study in 100 patients to determine the incidence of hypotension (systolic blood pressure less than 90 mmHg), bradycardia (heart rate less than 60 beats/min), nausea, vomiting, and tachycardia during spinal anesthesia. Results and Findings: The data were analyzed and organized statistically according to The objective of the current study (the objectives of this study were to identify risk factors and the occurrence of complications during spinal anesthesia) using the SPSS program. Version 28. Conclusion: The present study concludes that BMI and the dose of SA were the factors associated with SA-induced hypotension during a CS, and the site of the SA puncture equal to or lower than L2 was the only risk factor associated with spinal anesthesia-induced bradycardia. Recommendation; based on the study, the following recommendations are suggested: Health education program about risk factors. and Complication of Spinal anesthesia.